Prime Minister Stefan Löfven is to begin a three-day trip to China next week, including a meeting with Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang, accompanied by Enterprise Minister Mikael Damberg, Trade Minister Ann Linde and Environment Minister Karolina Skog, along with a business delegation that includes Ericsson, ABB, Astra Zeneca, Scania and Volvo Cars and Volvo Group.
Sweden’s exports to China amounted to SKr 46 billion in 2016. During the first quarter this year exports grew by 33%, compared to the same period last year.
Mikael Damberg says that China’s efforts to move forward on the global political arena in terms of trade and climate makes it easier to find a shared agenda.
Sweden is lowering corporate tax for the third time since 2009, now to 20% (see SPR 20/6 Early Ed.). However the Moderates are calling it a tax rise on the sly.
Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson wrote in a Dagens Industri (DI) debate article yesterday that the lower tax will be compensated for by limits to interest deductions.
The Moderates have welcomed the limits to the tax deduction, which aims to stop companies’ aggressive tax planning, although. Maria Malmer Stenergard, tax policy spokesperson for the Moderates, would have liked a larger cut in corporate tax as compensation.
Meanwhile the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (Svenskt Näringsliv) welcomes the tax decrease but is critical of limiting the right to a tax deduction.
Today the Ministry of Finance is putting out a memorandum on new tax for the corporate sector, write Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson and deputy Finance Minister Per Bolund in Dagens Industri (DI).
It proposes a general rule for limiting tax deductions for interest in the corporate sector in order to increase tax neutrality between different forms of financing. The memorandum also includes other proposals such as new tax rules for financial leasing, new hybrid rules, and a primary deduction for rental properties. Additionally, the current interest rate deduction rules are to be tightened. The proposals are fully financed and are proposed to come into force on 1 July 2018.
As limiting the tax deduction for interest means that the tax regulations are tighter, it is proposed that companies are compensated by lowering corporate tax from 22 to 20 per cent. This lower rate is fully financed by tightening the other rule. Thus the proposal is a redistribution of total tax within business.
The proposal is out for consultation before the government makes a final decision.
In 2014 the Swedish government decided to open the 700 MHz band for mobile broadband, but in 2016 cancelled the auction of the frequency, which is suitable for mobile broadband services in rural areas, pending an investigation into whether the emergency services could use part of band. The government has now decided that the Post and Telecom Agency (PTS) may continue with the auction, starting 1 November. The problem now is that PTS is impairing competition on the Swedish market, writes Johan Johansson, chief executive of 3 in DI on Saturday.
Sweden has four mobile operators providing strong competition on the market, but under new PTS guidelines this will be impaired. Not only will rights cost more, which will make it harder for smaller operators to take part in the bidding process, but in reality just two actors will be able to buy the rights to the entire 700 MHz band, which will probably be used for 5G. The government is thereby giving Telia preferential treatment allowing it to offer 5G services on unequal terms, claims Johansson.
The government is backing down on the proposal to raise the resolution reserve fund fee. This is the second time in a short period that the government reverses on taxation of banks. In February, it withdrew a proposal for a new bank tax, replacing it instead with this rise in the resolution fee.
The purpose of the resolution fee is to create a buffer for any future financial crises. In its final form, presented yesterday, the original changes were either gone or had been toned down significantly.
Nordea has discussed plans to move its head office to Copenhagen or Helsinki because of the fee. However, the bank had no comment to make on Thursday.
Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson had previously commented that there are benefits for taxpayers if Nordea leaves the country. However yesterday her tone was milder, “Nordea is of course welcome to stay in Sweden and we see a significant point with having a head office in Sweden.”
Representatives of the alliance were pleased with the government’s U-turn.
After almost five months in the White House, Donald Trump’s trade policy is still unclear. This uncertainty is affecting Swedish export companies.
“The only concrete things we have seen is that he wants to renegotiate the North American free trade agreement Nafta, and that he has withdrawn the USA from TPP, the deal with Asia. We do not know more than this,” says Anna Stellinger, director general for the National Board of Trade. She continues, “Uncertainty is never positive. Not for trade and not for companies that want to invest.”
Anna Stellinger points out how important a market the USA is for Swedish companies. The board has calculated that 139,000 Swedish jobs are linked to Swedish exports to the USA.
Sweden risks a disorderly housing market correction, warns the European Commission in its annual review of the Swedish economy, reports Reuters. The risk comes from persistent house price growth and that the policy implemented by Swedish authorities has not been sufficient.
The Commission wants to see housing tax reforms, steps to increase the rate of new housing construction and deregulation that leads to a more effective use of existing housing stocks. The Commission recommends gradually lowering the tax deductibility of mortgage interest payments.
The issue of whether Nordea will move its head office to either Helsinki or Copenhagen has been a hot topic since the government presented its proposal to raise the resolution reserve fee. In March Nordea chair Björn Wahlroos said the higher fee could cost Nordea an extra SKr 5 billion, motivating a move.
Svenska Dagbladet reported on Saturday that sources have now confirmed that the decision has been made and all that remains is a formal decision by the bank’s board on 30 May. However Nordea’s head of investment Rodney Alfvén would neither confirm nor deny the reports.
Dagens Industri, DI, reports today that Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson denies that the Swedish state would lose any tax income if Nordea moves its head office. Nordea pays corporate tax in Sweden for its Swedish operations regardless of where its head office is situated.
Internal documents reveal that PostNord may have “lost” as many as 5.5 million letters in 2016, reports Svenska Dagbladet.
Anders Åkesson, Centre Party infrastructure spokesperson, says this is “extremely serious” and completely undermines public confidence in PostNord.
Sweden’s consumer electronics industry is in uproar over the news that the tax on chemicals, which will take effect on 1 July 2017, will only be levied on Swedish firms. Foreign online vendors selling goods to Swedish consumers will not be liable to the tax.
The Swedish trade association Elektronikbranschen is concerned over the amount of administration the tax will require, as well as the extra cost to consumers, saying the tax will distort the market.
Nevertheless, Financial Markets Minister Per Bolund (Green) defends the tax, saying if is “a tool to reduce the use of hazardous chemicals”.